In this long, thin country, there is a wide range of climatic temperatures, from the arid desert in the North to the cold areas in the Chilean Patagonia.
Among them, the Central Valley is blessed with a temperate climate influenced by two different conditions:
Influenced by the cold Humboldt stream running along the coast and refreshing the area. Good for the production of white wines and Pinot noir.
Influenced by Andean breezes which refresh temperatures during the night, expanding the range of daily temperatures during the growing season. In this fertile valley, viticulture has found a true paradise for red varieties.
Chile is a pest-free agricultural land, considered an island because of its natural isolation, the Andes Chain Mountains, the Pacific Ocean, the Atacama Desert and the Antarctic.
In terms of wine grapes, Chile counts with a total of 116.793 has of vineyards.Out of this, 75.6% are red varieties (88.325 has), and 24.4% are white varieties (28.467 has). Amongst red varieties, Cabernet Sauvignon represents 46% and Merlot a 15%, whereas in whites Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc reaches 61% of the total. Nevertheless, contrasts of Chilean geography grant wonderful possibilities for new varieties.